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X Annual Report "Foreigners in the Italian labour market"

Full versions, summary of the main findings (in english), interactive summary and statistical dashboard
Compiled by the General Directorate of Immigration and Integration Policies of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, with the support of Anpal Services, the annual report "Foreigners in the Italian Labour Market" is produced in collaboration with the General Directorate of Information Systems, Technological Innovation, Data Monitoring and Communication, INPS, lNAIL, and Unioncamere. This tenth edition is further enriched by contributions from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the International Labour Organization.

After an international overview of migration in the last decade compiled by the OECD, and a snapshot of presences and new arrivals registered in Italy in 2019, the report analyses facts and events in the participation of foreigners in the labour market and welfare system, making constant comparisons with that of the Italians and highlighting any gender differences. Among the new features of this edition are a study of how foreign women juggle demanding family commitments and work, and another on young foreigners settling into the world of work, compiled by the ILO.

The Tenth Annual Report on "Foreigners in the Italian Labour Market" investigates all aspects of migrants' work using data from the main institutional sources.

In 2019, 2,505 million foreign workers were in employment, 10.7% of the total. The sectors with the most foreigners in employment were Collective and Personal Services (642 thousand), the purely Industrial Sector (466 thousand), Hotels and Restaurants (263 thousand), Wholesale and Retail (260 thousand) and Construction (235 thousand); the highest proportions were recorded in Other Collective and Personal Services (36% of employees), Agriculture (18.3%), Hotels and Restaurants (17.7%) and Construction (17.6%).

The employment rate among non-EU citizens was 60.1% (in line with 2018), while among EU citizens it was 62.8% (down by -0.7%), both of which exceeded the 58.8% of Italians (up by +0.6%). The unemployment rate had risen among EU citizens (14.0%, +0.5 points between 2018 and 2019), while it had fallen among non-EU (13.8%, -0.5%) and Italians (9.5%, -0.7%). The rate of inactivity among foreigners (non-EU 30.2%, EU 26.9%) was still lower than that of Italians (34.9%).

"These figures do not take into account the impact of the Covid-19 emergency, which will slow positive trends and exacerbate existing critical issues, or the ongoing regularization, which aims to restore dignity to many migrant workers and help businesses and families to restart," the Undersecretary for Labour and Social Policies Stanislao Di Piazza was at pains to emphasize. "Nonetheless, the report remains an invaluable compass to guide us in an uncertain future, it tells us where to begin and what kind of momentum we might find ourselves facing, seeing the work and integration of migrants as gauges of the wellbeing of the country at large."

In addition to the full version and a synopsis (also in english) of the main points of the Tenth Report on "Foreigners in the Labour Market", an interactive summary and a statistical dashboard are also available online to navigate through the details on recruitment, termination of contracts, and those in employment.